http://www.524526.live  2008年11月7日  來源:北京環球時代學校

I. CLOZE (30 points)
Fill in each of the blanks below with a word provided in the brackets. You may change the words into their proper forms if needed so that the words you put in will be grammatically and semantically appropriate. You can Only use the words in the brackets ONCE. Write your answers oh your Answer Sheet.

(cherish reach receive rub beam curious history overcome extend
kinship break intimate origin enthusiastic barbaric insulting eyes ceremony
execute unwashed pertinent sanity substitute relief worse partake custom advertisement alternative spring)

At the White House on New Year's Day, 1907, Theodore Roosevelt set a world record for shaking hands—8,150 of them, according to his biographer Edmund Morris, including those of "every aide, usher and policeman in sight." Having done his exuberant political duty, says Morris, Teddy went upstairs and privately, disgustedly, scrubbed himself clean.

We may presume that on Inauguration Day in January 2001, President Trump will not try to (1) _______ Roosevelt's record. Trump's views are known; "1 think the handshake is (2)_______ Shaking hands, you catch the flu, you catch this, you catch all sorts of things."
Donald Trump may be right. The more you think about it, the more disgusting the handshake becomes. Although it is a public gesture, a reflexive (3) _______ of greeting, the handshake has a clammy dimension of (4) _______. The clamminess is illustrated in principle by the following: a young (5) _______ rushed up to James Joyce and asked, "May 1 kiss the hand that wrote Ulysses?” Joyce replied, "No. It did lots of other things, too."
Most of us don't think about it. The handshake is expected and is (6) _______ automatically in a ritual little babble of nicetomeetyouhowdoyoudo? If you had an attack of fastidiousness and refused to shake someone's (7) _______ hand, then the handshake would become an awkwardness and an issue, a refusal being an outright (8)________.
Now that he is almost a candidate, how is the fussy, hygienic Donald to keep his (9) ______ in an election year's orgies of grip-and-grin? Mingling with the (10) ________, he will presumably shake tens of thousands of germy hands. The most graceful (11) ________--- The Hindu namaste (slight bow, hands clasped near the heart as in prayer) --- would not play well in American politics. One (12) ______ might be to shake your own hand, brandishing the two-handed clutch in front of your face like a champ while looking the voter in the (13) _______. No. Too much self-congratulation. A politician mustn't (14) _______ his narcissism.
Best not to think about it. Television has taken so much of the physicality — the sheer touch—out of politics that we should (15) _______ the vestigial handshake, the last, fleeting, primitive human contact, flesh to flesh, sweat to sweat, pulse to pulse. A true politician loves shaking hands.

The following passage contains TEN errors. Each indicated line contains a maximum of ONE error. In each case, only ONE word is involved. You should proofread the passage and correct it in the following way:


When ∧ art museum wants a new exhibit, (1) an__
it never buys things in finished form and hangs (2) _never_
them on the wall. When a natural history
museum wants an exhibition, it must often (3) exhibit
build it.

Not too many decades ago it seemed "obvious" both to the
general public and to sociologists that modern society has
changed people's natural relations, loosed their responsibilities (1)_______
to kins and neighbors, and substituted in their place (2)_______
for superficial relationships with passing acquaintances. (3)_______
However, in recent years a growing body of research has
revealed that the "obvious" is not true. It seems that if you are
a city resident, you typically know a smaller proportion of your
neighbors than you if you are a resident of a smaller community. (4) _______
But, for the most part, this fact has a few significant (5) _______
consequences. It does not necessarily follow that if you know few
of your neighbors you will know no one else.
Even in very large cities, people maintain close social ties within
small, private social, worlds. Indeed, the number and quality of
meaningful relationships do not differ from more and less (6) _______
urban people. Small-town residents are more involved with kin
than do big-city residents. Yet city dwellers compensate by (7) _______
developing friendships with people who share similar interests
and activities. Urbanism may produce a different style of life,
but the quality of life does not differ between town and city. Or (8) _______
are residents of large communities any likely to display (9) _______
psychological symptoms of stress or alienation than are
residents of smaller communities. However, city dwellers do
worry more about crime, and which leads them to a distrust of (10) ______

In this section there are five reading passages followed by a total of 30 multiple-choice questions. Read the passages and then write your answers on your Answer Sheet.

Passage One
For most of the 20th century, the solution to the mystery of the original Americans-where did they come from, when, and how?--- seemed as clear as the geography of the Bering Strait, the climate of the last ice age, and the ubiquity of finely wrought stone hunting weapons known as Clovis points.
According to the ruling theory, bands of big-game hunters trekked out of Siberia sometime before 11,500 years ago. They crossed into Alaska when the floor of the Bering Strait, drained dry by the accumulation of water in a frozen world's massive glaciers, was a land bridge between continents, and found themselves in a trackless continent, the New World when it was truly new.
The hunters, so the story went, moved south through a corridor between glaciers and soon flourished on the Great Plains and in the Southwest of what is now the United States, their presence widely marked by distinctive stone projectile points first discovered near the town of Clovis, New Mexico. In less than 1,000 years, these Clovis people and their distinctive stone points made it all the way to the tip of South America. They were presumably the founding population of today's American Indians.
Now a growing body of intriguing evidence is telling a much different story. From Alaska to Brazil and southern Chile, artifacts and skeletons are forcing archaeologists to abandon Clovis orthodoxy and come to terms with a more complex picture of earliest American settlement. People may have arrived thousands to tens of thousands of years sooner, in many waves of migration and by a number of routes. Their ancestry may not have been only Asian. Some of the migrations may have originated in Australia or Europe.

1. Which of the following statements best describes (he main idea of this passage?
A. Hunters from Siberia crossed the Bering Strait 11,500 years ago.
B. The Clovis people may not have been the first to arrive.
C. Clovis points were first found in New Mexico.
D. During the last ice age, the Bering Strait was dry land.

2. The word trekked in Line 5 means
A. traveled.
B. swam.
C. sailed.
D. hunted.

3. According to this passage, the Clovis people may come to North America from
A. Australia.
B. Chile.
C. Siberia.
D. New Mexico.

4. The Clovis people are named after the place where
A. they first camped in North America.
B. their tents and burials were first found.
C. they crossed into North America.
D. their stone points were first found.

5. Scientist now believe that Native Americans originally came from
A. Siberia in a single migration about 11,500 years ago.
B. al! parts of North and South America.
C. Europe only.
D. many places, including Siberia, Europe, and Australia

IV. WRITING (55 points)

Task 1: (20 points)
The local newspaper is printing a series of articles in which students describe some aspect of school life. Write for this series describing your lunchroom or another area during a typical lunch hour within 150 words. You may want to describe the sights, sounds, or smells that you would experience there.

Write your response on your Answer Sheet.


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